This glossary contains key terms from the whole text book. 

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Precarity of Place

The threat of being removed from a country

Primitive accumulation

A Marxist concept referring to forms of enclosure and eviction that produce a landless proletariat.

Property guardian

Someone who has entered into an agreement to live in a building or part of a building that would otherwise be empty for the primary purpose of securing and safeguarding the property. Guardians have an insecure and temporary rental contract and can be asked to live in substandard conditions, but they live in the property for a lower cost than elsewhere in the private rented sector.


Real estate

Property in the form of land, houses or other buildings.


Denial of, or discrimination in, providing various services by the public or private sector in certain neighbourhoods. Regarding financialization, inhabitants of redlined neighbourhoods cannot get loans or they are charged more for loans.

Refugee status

Legal status based on the Geneva Refugee Convention of 1951, granting protection to a person who “is unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin owing to a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group”.

Regular / documented migrant

A migrant holding a valid residence permit.


Policy intervention to address informality that recognizes the existence of informal settlements and looks for ways to incorporate them into the existing system of zoning, housing, and building regulations.

REIT (real estate investment trust)

A company owning, operating or financing real estate. REITs have lately become large players in providing, or speculating on, housing, thereby affecting housing affordability.

Rejection Identification Model

Refers to the social identity theory and proves that if a powerful majority is prejudiced and discriminatory toward a minority group this will lead to increased identification with the minority group and increased internal group cohesion thereby increasing the distance between the majority and the targeted minority.

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